Did You Know?
One in three adults are at risk for kidney disease because they have diabetes, high blood pressure or a family history of kidney disease.
You can easily find out if you have kidney disease. Just ask your healthcare provider about getting the following:
1. Blood Pressure Check
Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the inside walls of your arteries as it flows through your body.
Your blood pressure reading has 2 numbers, for example, 120/70. The higher number (systolic) is the highest pressure right when your heart is beating. The lower number (diastolic) is the lowest pressure in between heart beats.
• High blood pressure is also called hypertension
• High blood pressure can damage your arteries and lead to heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.
• Only your doctor can decide if you have high blood pressure, but these are the levels that doctors follow:
Normal: Systolic less than 120 and diastolic less than 80
Pre-hypertension: Systolic 120-139 or diastolic 80-89 (high blood pressure could be developing)
Stage 1 hypertension: Systolic 140-159 or diastolic 90-99
Stage 2 hypertension: Systolic 160 or higher or diastolic 100 or higher
When you have a urine test, you will be checked to see if there is albumin in your urine. Albumin is a protein that can pass into the urine when the kidneys are damaged. This test estimates the amount of protein (albumin) in your urine. You will see your results as an albumin to creatinine ratio (A:C). It is normal to have less than 30 milligrams per gram (mg/gm).
3. Blood Test
A blood test checks your GFR or glomerular (glow-MAIR-you-lure) filtration rate. GFR, tells how well your kidneys are filtering. It’s important to know your GFR.
GFR is reported as a number.
A GFR of 60 or higher is in the normal range.
A GFR below 60 may mean you have kidney disease.
A GFR of 15 or lower may mean kidney failure.
If you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or family members who have been on dialysis, had a kidney transplant or have a history of kidney disease, talk to your provider about how often you should be tested.
By the end of your visit with your healthcare provider, make sure you know and understand the answers to these questions:
What is my blood pressure?
What is my urine albumin result?
What is my GFR?
What is my blood glucose (for people with diabetes)?
Other questions to ask when you visit your healthcare provider:
What can I do to keep my kidneys healthy?
What kind of physical activities would be good for me to do?
What foods would be good for me to eat?
How often should I get my kidneys checked?
Want to learn more? Read GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate): A Key to Understanding Your Kidneys. Order a free copy of the brochure by calling 414-897-8669 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
Last updated: November 11, 2016